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tuberculosis

Can TB be eliminated altogether?

Dr Masoud Dara, Senior Advisor at the World Health Organization explains the challenges of tackling TB to Editor Laura Evans, and why antibiotic resistance is such a problem… According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases are caused by ‘pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. Such diseases...
Cancer

Prediction of cancer treatment outcome using physics

Vittorio Cristini1,2, Eugene J. Koay3, and Zhihui Wang1,2 1Department of NanoMedicine and Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX 77054, USA 2Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA 3Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer...

Illustration of Variation in Muscle Radiodensity

Our research group has developed a novel lens with which to view cancer patients: using computed tomography (CT) images routinely taken during clinical assessment, to precisely quantify body composition (muscle and adipose) in relation to clinical outcomes (Prado et al 2008, Lieffers et al 2009, Lieffers et al 2011,...
smartphones

Investigation into the impact of smartphones on behaviour in lessons

An investigation into training teachers to tackle poor pupil behaviour will also cover issues relating to smartphones in lessons. Schools Minister Nick Gibb has announced an investigation into behaviour will be expanded to cover issues including the use of mobile phones and devices in schools. Tom Bennett, former teacher and government...
soil

Researching soil and the climate

Tom Sauer joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS) as a Research Associate at the National Soil Tilth Laboratory (NSTL) in Ames, Iowa in the fall of 1993. He had just obtained his PhD in environmental biophysics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison under the direction of...

Arthropods in Biological Control

Arthropods are characterised by the presence of an exoskeleton and articulated legs. The phylum Arthropoda includes more than 80% of the known species with many of these being important agricultural pests. Arthropods, such as insects and mites, inflict billions of dollars in damage worldwide every year. Tons of pesticides...

Understanding coronary artery disease in postmenopausal ladies

Dr Stefano Savonitto, Director of Cardiology at Manzoni Hospital sheds light on the risk of heart disease in women  When thinking about their health, women are especially concerned about cancer. However, the most frequent cause of death among women is heart disease and especially coronary artery disease. The number of...
British workers take home less money

British workers take home less money

New research has revealed that almost all British workers are taking home less money in real terms than in 2001, with men and young people feeling the toughest pinch Figures from the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) have revealed that wages were one per cent lower in the third quarter...
malaria

Gut bacteria can fight against malaria

Researchers have discovered that friendly bacteria that lives in the human gut can trigger a natural immune response to fight against malaria. Sugary proteins that live on the surface of some healthy gut bacteria have been found to trigger an immune response against the malaria parasite. The research, which was published...
zebrafish

How the zebrafish is driving regeneration research

Christopher L Antos, Group Leader at the DFG-Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden explains how Zebrafish research is a vital tool to help understand organ and appendage regeneration. Injuries from trauma, ischemia and amputation can result in the permanent loss of an organ and limb function. The regeneration of many vital...

Revolutionising the brain

Aiswariya Chidambaram of Frost and Sullivan explains the importance of early diagnosis to tackle brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s Disease. Although research has gone a long way in establishing an understanding of the underlying mechanism and etiology of Alzheimer’s disease since its discovery in 1906, scientists have not yet arrived...

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