University of Aberdeen

In the last 30 years, there has been an unprecedented increase in pest and pathogen invasions into Europe, impacting on agriculture, horticulture and forestry. Numerous tree pests and diseases are spreading through the continent, with damaging organisms introduced from elsewhere in the world. Most of these species have been brought here through trade routes on plants and plant products, i.e. through human activities.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here