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WHO labels avian influenza as “worrying”, with the possibility of a pandemic

The avian influenza virus is currently having a large strain outbreak called H5N1, which researchers confirm can infect various species.
Cleaning and Disinfection at train, coronavirus epidemic. Infection prevention and control of epidemic

Molecular aspects of Global Infection Prevention and Control

Dr Zisis Kozlakidis directs our thoughts towards the molecular aspects of global Infection Prevention and Control, in this the second of a special two-part series.
Flexible Sea Fan coral in Caribbean Sea

Vulnerable corals can be “rescued” by corals with resistant genotypes

A study finds that disease-resistant corals can help to save vulnerable corals – as genetic diversity improves a coral’s chance of survival.
Geese peck dead bird Gressingham facility Norfolk

The next pandemic? UK facing worst bird flu outbreak on record

Christmas is coming, the geese are getting sick, and the world may be three mutations away from the next pandemic: the avian bird flu.
Scientist in lab with COVID-19 equipment

COVID-19, communicable disease and immunology

Academic Research Scholar, Prof Wendy M. Purcell, provides an update on COVID-19, communicable disease and immunology.
Ticks on a leaf

Tickborne diseases: A growing health problem in the U.S.

Chief of the Bacterial Diseases Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, walks us through a growing health problem in the United States, tickborne diseases.
Professional worker removing asbestos roof

Preventable asbestos cancer – mesothelioma

Asbestos in over 300,000 public sector buildings continues to put lives at risk. Recommendations to the government for its removal over the next 40 years have been ignored, says Liz Darlison of Mesothelioma UK and Helen Childs, Partner at RWK Goodman.
Large rash on a man's hand indicating the Monkeypox virus

Keeping up to date with the symptoms of monkeypox

There are important differences in the symptoms of monkeypox between the current outbreak and previous outbreaks in endemic regions.
monkeypox symptoms, lymph nodes

What are five common monkeypox symptoms?

Here, we look at five key monkeypox symptoms and discuss potential consequences of infection.
communicable diseases, biological pathways

Cellular & biological pathways from studies on communicable diseases

Adonis Sfera and Zisis Kozlakidis provide recent insights into cellular and biological pathways from studies on communicable diseases.
haemorrhagic fever, ebola vaccine

Ebola haemorrhagic fever outbreak in Democratic Republic of the Congo

A new case of Ebola haemorrhagic fever has been detected in the Democratic Republic of Congo - healthcare experts say "time is not on our side".
brain immune response, viral encephalitis

Filling in the gaps of brain immune response

Open Access Government spoke to Dr Robyn S. Klein, MD, PhD, about her ground-breaking work in neuroimmunology and the path to understanding the links between viral encephalitis and memory disorders.
pandemic antibiotic resistance, antibiotics

New pandemic of antibiotic resistance makes pneumonia deadly

In Bangladesh, children are fighting a difficult battle to survive antibiotic resistance - now, mid-pandemic, pneumonia is becoming untreatable via normal drugs.
viral vaccines, viral disease

Tailoring the Immune System

Here, Professor Pamela Lein at University of California, Davis, explains how viral vaccines work - especially when it comes to human viral disease.
antimicrobial treatment, diphtheria

Diphtheria slowly becomes resistant to antimicrobial treatment

There is a well-established diphtheria vaccine taken by millions of people, but researchers are now observing the disease evolving a resistance to antimicrobial treatment.
COVID hospitalisation and death, pfizer vaccine

Pfizer vaccine can reduce COVID hospitalisation and death by 75%

Early stage data from the vaccine rollout in the UK appears to show that COVID hospitalisation and death are reduced by over 75% in people with the Pfizer vaccine.
reduce COVID-19 death, ECMO

ECMO machine reduces COVID-19 deaths by 45% for “sickest patients”

According to data collected by 400 healthcare professionals at the worst moment of the US outbreak, the life support machine that acts in place of the heart and lungs is crucial to reducing COVID-19 deaths for the critically ill.
foetal development, sweet uterus

Consequences of foetal development in a “sweet” uterus: The short-and long-term transgenerational outcomes

Jane C Khoury & Shelley R Ehrlich from Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, highlight the consequences of foetal development in a “sweet” uterus – including the short- and long-term transgenerational outcomes.
moderna vaccine, phase three

The Moderna vaccine has a final efficiency of 94.1%

The clinical trials are over for the Moderna vaccine - the company announced their drug was 94.1% effective and then filed for Emergency Use.
HIV testing in europe, ECDC

Medical authorities call for better HIV testing in Europe

The European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) found that HIV testing in Europe is not good enough - 53% of diagnosis happens when the immune system is already failing.

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