Richard Godfrey, Account Director at Arcus Global discusses why we need to focus our attention on the ‘Smart Council’ to utilise the wealth of data that councils hold
Most of us are aware of the Smart City concept, but few understand how to start working towards it. The issue lies partly in the use of the word ‘city’, which excludes the vast majority of local authorities, but there is also too much focus on the technology, devices and sensors and not enough on the data. Whilst these tools are undoubtedly important, without understanding the why, what or the how to use the information they provide then it very quickly becomes another IT project destined to fail.
So how do we make it relevant for all? First, drop the word ‘city’ and replace with Council. Then secondly, we need to strip the concept right back to actually understanding what the issues are in the areas in which we live and the problems that we want to solve. Moving towards a Smart Council is inherently about enhancing the quality of life for residents, in the many forms that this can take, be it health, wealth or efficiency.
Councils have a wealth of data on their citizens, but this disparate data is often stored in multiple places and within departmental siloes. The reality is that local authorities could have real insight into people’s lives, health and wellbeing by having a clear strategy for joining up data.
More progressive councils are already pulling partial data sets together to gain a complete picture of their citizens. However, we should go one step further and shift our focus from the individual to creating a single view of the household.
Why the household?
To truly understand all residents, you need to understand everything about them and their household; this extends from education to benefit entitlements to council tax and care requirements. This information can then be married with demographic information from the Government to create a comprehensive map of an area – and any intervention needed.
Understanding the impact of the home environment is key to ensuring citizens have the best chance of living a healthy and happy life by delivering the right intervention at the right time. The home is also a static resource that doesn’t move or migrate between council boundaries.
Take the education system. The school does its job educating the student, sets them homework and then sends them home; but what if their grades fail and their attendance declines?
In today’s council, this information will only be available to the school and the education department, and it’s unlikely that they will have access to any other council data. In this instance, decisions will be made without the full information available.
We know that schools are designed to give children the best environment for learning. But do we think about their home life, and how that is impacting their studies? Most children do their homework in a completely different environment that may work to their advantage or create them problems.
With access to the correct data, we understand that it’s not lack of effort, but the location of where they do their homework. If the homework is therefore of a poor level and that child feels despondent then this could lead to poorer attention in class, and possibly non-attendance. The solution could be twofold: the housing department could intervene in the home. This is a capital cost but could provide huge long-term benefits to the child.
The second option could be to then run a homework club at the school and have the child do their homework in a more suitable environment. This is all hypothetical but shows how data from a wider source could deliver more appropriate interventions than by using siloed departmental data. The same will be true across a myriad of council services not using a wider range of data sets available to them.
Understanding the small ways in which areas of a person’s life can link up can allow a council to identify areas of concern, and identify how best to deploy support. By using data creatively in a meaningful way, then and only then can you have the best view and create a better place to live.
Opening up opportunities
If a local authority is willing to apply collaborative measures, collate their data, and make this commitment to the household approach, then how does it all work?
Permission to use the data will always be forefront in any problem relating to citizen information. Recording and keeping personal data will always be the choice of the citizen, but by showing tangible outcomes of using the data and making Smart concepts a reality will help with this. Look at small opportunities to collate data across departments and provide evidence of enhanced decision making based on this.
Currently, most councils are set up to deliver services vertically through single services instead of horizontally or pan-council. The same home or household will touch a council in multiple areas and have data held in multiple systems. Creating that single view of the household will alleviate this and help councils deliver better services, as well as those residents within each household. Implementing a CRM will enable the council to set the platform to start to capture this information in the right format, but the true value will only be delivered once it is joined up to multiple datasets.
This can be achieved by implementing one platform across the entire authority. Building the front and back end together with APIs where legacy systems hold the date and enable them to join it up and access data from all departments. The analysis can be done with business intelligence tools from organisations such as AWS. This will lead to a better understanding by quickly and easily pinpointing patterns that can then drive transformation.
By laying these foundations, every council, large or small, can adopt this Smart approach to build better insight into the household, creating the Golden Record to become a Smart Council.
Editor's Recommended Articles
Must Read >> Smart thinking: How local councils can embrace 5G