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Inspiring growth in the aerospace industry

John Laughlin, Aerospace Programme Lead at Innovate UK answers AG’s questions regarding investment in the aerospace industry and how Innovate UK play an integral role in this UK businesses are well placed to take advantage of growing global demand for faster, quieter and greener aircraft. As the biggest aerospace industry...
cancer

Mathematical pathology in determining surgical volume for breast cancer treatment

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is an early form of breast cancer that can be treated with surgery. Surgery can involve removal of the entire breast or partial removal of the tumour and the breast tissue surrounding it. In the case of partial removal, the challenge is knowing how...
hazard

Volcanic hazard assessment and risk management

The impact of a natural event such as a volcanic eruption can significantly disrupt human life. The long periods of quiescence that are quite common in many volcanic areas often lead to a fall in vigilance whose consequences may include a lack of preparation for dealing with a volcanic...

Profile: Factitious foods to reduce production costs of beneficial insects

Factitious Prey for Production of Stinkbug Predators for Biological Control of Agricultural Pests - Juan A. Morales-Ramos and M. Guadalupe Rojas Stinkbug predators (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) are among the most efficient biological control agents against many agricultural pests including caterpillars, rootworms, and particularly the Colorado potato beetle. At least one species of...

Peptides control organ loss in plants

Have you ever wondered why the petals fall off your tulips after a week in a vase? Why trees drop their leaves in the autumn? Why fruit fall to the ground when ripe? And why farmers suffer losses when seeds are shed before harvesting time? My research group at...

Glycol – a rare resource

Areas of Expertise: We have developed a globally unique purification method whereby we purify used glycol so that it can be re-used. In this manner, we will save the Earth’s resources since glycol is extracted from crude oil and is a non-renewable resource. In addition, glycol is a scarce commodity since...
Tornado

Is it time for a tornado warning system in Italy?

Mario Marcello Miglietta from the Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC-CNR), and Richard Rotunno from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) outline why there is a need to develop tornado warning systems in Europe The internet has become an important source of information for anyone who wants to investigate...

Carbon dynamics and geomorphic processes in a warming Arctic

Ivar Berthling, Department of Geography, NTNU, Norway There are a number of significant feedbacks and interactions between processes and materials at the earth surface and in the atmosphere. This is a crucial point when considering global warming and climate change effects because such feedbacks might amplify the ongoing warming. One...

A number one funding source for Russian basic science

Alexander Khlunov, Director of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) gives an overview of how the Foundation supports research throughout the country The Russian Science Foundation (RSF) was launched in November 2013; its operation is governed by a special federal law. Incorporated as a foundation, RSF proves a more flexible and...

The power of basic research

Rebecca Keiser, Head of the National Science Foundation’s Office of International Science & Engineering sheds light on why basic research is integral to the progress of science The touchscreen on your cell phone. The bar code scanner in a grocery store check-out line. Doppler radar for weather prediction and GPS –...

Illustration of Variation in Muscle Radiodensity

Our research group has developed a novel lens with which to view cancer patients: using computed tomography (CT) images routinely taken during clinical assessment, to precisely quantify body composition (muscle and adipose) in relation to clinical outcomes (Prado et al 2008, Lieffers et al 2009, Lieffers et al 2011,...

Agroforestry and its impact

Dr Thomas J. Sauer, Research Leader at the National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, U.S. Department of Agriculture details the importance of agroforestry for the environment Agroforestry is a land-use practice that involves growing perennial woody vegetation (trees, shrubs, or hedges) integrated with forages, crops, fruits, berries and nuts, herbs,...

Non-Human Primate (NHP) Research in Switzerland

In the context of a Project of Cooperation and Innovation (PCI) launched by the Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI), the Universities of Fribourg and Zürich coordinated research activities on non-human primates in the academic domain by creating a “Swiss Primate Competence Centre for Research” (SPCCR), with...

A New Catalyst for an Ancient Bulk Chemical

A research group at DTU Chemistry shows, that zeolite recrystallization allows synthesis of extremely efficient gold nanoparticle catalysts This latest research from DTU Chemistry could revive one of the oldest processes in the chemical industry, namely production of acetaldehyde from ethanol. This principle has the potential to apply to a...
Sickle Cell research, Ireland

Importance of sickle cell genetic screening in Ireland

Lora Ruth Wogu, CEO and Founder of Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Ireland, outlines what sickle cell disease and thalassaemia are and why screening in Ireland is fundamental Sickle cell anaemia and thalassaemia disease are 2 of the major genetic blood disorders that affect the red blood cells. Sickle cell disease...
The role of excellent science in an ERA of innovation

The role of excellent science in innovation

Stephan Kuster, Head of Policy Affairs at Science Europe outlines the role scientific excellence plays in encouraging innovation throughout Europe Science is surrounded by growing expectations linked to the innovation potential of scientific discoveries and new technologies. In Europe, stimulating innovation is widely regarded as the road to a sustainable...

Towards miniature electron accelerators for a wide range of applications

Particle accelerators have already become useful, and in many cases an indispensable tool in many applications, such as medical treatments (radiotherapy, production of isotopes for PET), industry (material irradiation and sterilisation, industrial radiography) and safety control (cargo inspection). More than 90% of accelerators in operation nowadays are machines, producing beams...
co2

Success story on mineral carbonation of CO2

Pushing academic research towards industrial scale through advanced modelling and piloting At Aalto University’s Department of Energy Technology, Professor Mika Järvinen’s Energy Engineering and Environmental Protection research group is conducting pioneering research on biomass combustion, carbon (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) by mineral carbonation, circulating fluidised bed gasification of waste,...
Tackling antibiotic resistance

Tackling antibiotic resistance

Andrew Miller MP, Chair of the Science and Technology Committee sheds light on why the next government must make tackling antibiotic resistance a public health priority Medicine could be ‘cast back into the dark ages’ by growing antibiotic resistance, David Cameron grimly warned last year. To see off the ‘superbugs’...
Being overweight reduces the risk of dementia

Being overweight reduces the risk of dementia

According to a new study being overweight can reduce the risk of getting dementia by 18 per cent Researchers from Oxon Epidemiology and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine found that people who were overweight had less risk of getting dementia in later life. The study analysed the health...

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