Research reveals levels of inappropriate prescriptions in England

At least 20% of all antibiotic prescriptions in primary care in England are inappropriate according to research published by Public Health England

Antibiotics are important for treating serious bacterial infections, but their effectiveness is threatened by antibacterial resistance.

They are unique among drugs as the more they are used, the less effective they become and over time resistance develops.

In response to this, the UK government set an ambition to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing by 50% by 2020.

A further look at the research

The research found that the majority of antibiotic prescriptions in English primary care were for infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts.

An antibiotic was prescribed in 41% of all uncomplicated acute cough consultations when experts advocated 10%, as well as:

  • Bronchitis (actual: 82% vs ideal: 13%)
  • Sore throat (actual: 59% vs ideal: 13%)
  • Rhinosinusitis (actual: 88% vs ideal 11%)
  • Acute otitis media in 2 to 18-year-olds (actual: 92% vs ideal: 17%)

Professor Paul Cosford, PHE Medical Director said: “Antibiotics are critical to modern medicine, saving millions of lives since the 1940s when they were first introduced. Using antibiotics when you don’t need them threatens their long-term effectiveness and we all have a part to play to ensure they continue to help us, our families and communities in the future.

“This publication highlights the role GPs can play and I urge all practices to look at ways they can reduce their inappropriate prescribing levels to help make sure the antibiotics that save lives today can save lives tomorrow.”

Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt said: “Drug-resistant infections are one of the biggest threats to modern medicine and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is only exacerbating this problem.

“We are leading the world in our response. Since 2012, antibiotics prescribing in England is down by 5% and we’ve invested more than £615 million at home and abroad in research, development and surveillance. But we need to go further and faster otherwise we risk a world where superbugs kill more people a year than cancer and routine operations become too dangerous.”

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