Let’s discuss the UN Women report, “Women’s Rights in Review 25 years after Beijing,” which documents global gender equality on International Women’s Day
The report finds that progress towards gender equality is faltering and hard-won advances are being reversed. Rampant inequality, the climate emergency, conflict and the alarming rise of exclusionary politics all threaten future progress towards gender equality. The report flags the lack of effective action to boost women’s representation at the tables of power and warns that the vision of the Beijing Platform for Action will never be realised if the most excluded women and girls are not acknowledged and prioritised.
UN Women’s Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said:
“The review of women’s rights shows that, despite some progress, no country has achieved gender equality. Equality isn’t just one quarter of the seats at the tables of power. But that’s the current reality of women’s representation, across the board. Men are 75 per cent of parliamentarians, hold 73 per cent of managerial positions, are 70 per cent of climate negotiators and almost all of the peacemakers. This is not an inclusive and equal world and we need to take action now to create one that does not discriminate against women. Only half is an equal share and only equal is enough”.
2020: A milestone year for gender equality
The 25th anniversary of the Beijing conference makes 2020 a milestone year for gender equality. UN Women’s multi-generational campaign, Generation Equality, is sparking public mobilization, demanding accountability and driving accelerated action to advance women’s rights and gender equality, including to tackle the unfinished business of Beijing.
2020 will also harness several moments in the gender equality movement:
• The 64th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, which will take stock of the progress since the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action.
• The Generation Equality Forum will take place in Mexico, in May, and in France, in July.
• The high-level meeting of the 75th UN General Assembly on gender equality in September.
• The 20th anniversary of UN Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security in October.
• The five-year milestone towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
• The 10th anniversary of UN Women’s establishment.
Is positive change possible?
Despite unprecedented global challenges, the report also proves that positive change is possible, as shown by the success of women’s collective action to obtain accountability for crimes against them and the flourishing of feminist movements across the world. The report showcases successful initiatives in scaling up public services to meet women’s rights, from increasing access to contraception and childcare, to reducing domestic violence and increasing women’s participation in politics and peacebuilding.
The report is based on the UN Secretary-General’s Report, which is the most comprehensive and participatory stock-taking exercise on women’s rights ever undertaken, with contributions from 170 Member States.
The report reveals that there have been advances in women’s and girls’ rights since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action. There are now more girls in school than ever before, fewer women are dying in childbirth and the proportion of women in parliaments has doubled across the world. Over the past decade, 131 countries have passed laws to support women’s equality.
But here are the hard statistics on gender equality for women?
Globally, progress on women’s access to paid work has ground to a halt over the past 20 years.
- Less than two thirds of women (62%) aged 25-54 are in the labour force, compared to more than nine out of ten (93%) men.
- Women continue to shoulder the bulk of unpaid care and domestic work, and are on average paid 16% less than men, rising to 35% in some countries.
- Nearly one in five women (18%) have faced violence from an intimate partner in the past year. New technologies are fueling new forms of violence, such as cyber-harassment, for which policy solutions are largely absent.
- 32 million girls are still not in school.
- Men still control three quarters of parliamentary seats.
- Women are largely excluded from peace processes, representing only 13% of negotiators and only 4% of signatories.
UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said:
“2020 presents an unprecedented opportunity to turn things around for current and future generations of women and girls. To accelerate progress during the UN Decade of Action, UN Women has initiated six Action Coalitions that will mobilise governments, civil society, UN agencies, and the private sector to deliver game-changing results to advance equality for women and girls.”
To catalyse systemic and lasting change the report points to the need to vastly increase financing for gender equality, to harness the potential of technology and innovation and ensure that development is inclusive of women and girls who face multiple forms of discrimination.
UN Observance of the International Women’s Day
The United Nations Observance of International Women’s Day 2020 will take place at the General Assembly Hall of the United Nations Secretariat in New York on Friday, 6 March 2020. It will bring together the next generations of women and girl leaders and gender equality activists with the women’s rights advocates and visionaries who were instrumental in creating the Beijing Platform for Action more than two decades ago.
The event will celebrate changemakers of all ages and genders and discuss how they can collectively tackle the unfinished business of empowering all women and girls in the years to come. The Observance will see the participation of senior-most representatives of the United Nations system, including the Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin, UN Secretary-General António Guterres, UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, and an inter-generational dialogue with gender equality activists from ages 11 to 75. The event will also feature musical performances by UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador and Grammy Awards winner Ms. Angelique Kidjo, also a speaker at the event, The Pihcintu Multicultural Choru and Broadway Singers.
Celebration around the world
Hundreds of events and initiatives will mobilize people to demand progress on closing the gender gap in countries worldwide. 90 stock exchanges around the world will raise awareness of the pivotal role that the private sector can play in advancing women’s empowerment by hosting a bell ringing ceremony. Film screenings in the UN Women Oasis centres at the Za’atari and Azraq refugee camps in Jordan will be organized engaging refugee women and girls but also host communities.
A global comic and cartoon competition on Beijing+25 and Generation Equality will be launched in partnership with Belgium, France, Mexico and the European Commission, calling on the younger generation to picture how gender equality looks like to them. In Zimbabwe, the Head of a faith group will issue a message on gender equality that will be disseminated through the churches; in Thailand a “Women in Focus” photo exhibition will be launched in partnership with French Embassy and Alliance Francaise, and in Mexico a marathon for gender equality will be organized.
In Brussels, the European Union also launched #WithHer, a creative engagement campaign from the Spotlight Initiative to promote the elimination of violence against women and girls, with the presence of Regional UN Women Ambassador for Africa, Jaha Dukureh.
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