Nicole Moulding, University of South Australia researcher, expert in gendered violence and women’s mental health Professor, says we need a completely new approach to women’s mental health following partner abuse
Since the age of 15, one in six Australian women report experiencing physical and/or sexual violence and one in four report emotional abuse by a current or previous cohabiting partner. But, when it comes to discussing the impact it has on women’s mental health, their trauma is pathologised, with a focus on fixing the individual, rather than addressing the societal issues.
Professor Nicole Moulding says we need a new approach with one that sees a woman’s distress as a normal response, in a society where gender inequalities and biases underpin that violence.
She says: “When women experience psychological and emotional distress in response to intimate partner violence (IPV) – and this can continue for a long time after leaving – it is generally understood and categorised as ‘trauma’, ‘anxiety’ or ‘depression’. But this serves to detach the distress from the violence and control that caused it and casts the woman survivor of that violence as having the ‘problem’, her problem, that she must now manage and recover from.
“Even if there is some understanding that the violence caused the distress, she nonetheless becomes defined as psychologically unwell and damaged. We need to reframe women’s mental health after IPV by looking at wellbeing in its social context to understand that the distress from violence is actually very normal, not diagnosable. We need to lift our gaze from the woman to all that surrounds her that allows the abuse to happen in the first instance.”
Women’s experiences of IPV
Professor Moulding and her colleagues draw on responses from a large national study to gain an understanding of women’s experiences of IPV and the far-reaching effects it has on their lives. The study showed that more than half the women surveyed were diagnosed with a mental illness after IPV.
Professor Mould said: “IPV often amounts to an assault on women’s citizenship into the long term, stopping them from exercising their rights across all areas of citizenship,” she says.
“When people have good mental health, decent housing, satisfying employment, and sufficient income and can be socially connected to others, they can participate properly and equally in society as full citizens.
“When we respond to women who are struggling with mental health as a result of IPV, we need to look beyond medication and counselling to make sure they have access to decent housing, quality low-cost or free childcare so that satisfying work is possible, and support groups and other local community services to reduce isolation.
“If you look at one domain alone – such as mental health – as if it is a silo, you don’t see the compounding nature of the impact of IPV across all aspects of a women’s life.”
“There also needs to be widespread education in our community about the nature of violence against women and its impact,” she adds.
“We have to understand, as a society, that the position women survivors of partner violence find themselves in is a consequence of gendered ideas about men and women and related unequal power relations, which enable the violence in the first place and are subsequently reinforced by the violence continuing to happen.”
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